All The Vegetables That Start With B

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If you are searching for a list of vegetables starting with the letter B, this list is for you. Vegetables are classified into three categories, culinary, botanical, and legal vegetables. Culinary vegetables are the edible plants that you can cook. Botanical vegetables are those that are considered edible based on their leaves, stem, and roots. Legal vegetables are those that are classified as edible based on their legal purposes. There are many vegetables beginning with the letter B, bai yor leaf, Brussel sprouts, broccolini, broccoli, black turtle beans, bamboo shoots, and many others. This list is necessary because you will be able to increase your knowledge of the vegetables and diversify your diets. It would be best if you had this glossary because it will assist you in learning more about the vegetables, their scientific name, their flavor, their aroma, potential health benefits, recipes you can use them with, and even where you can purchase them.

Bamboo Shoots

The scientific name of bamboo shoots is Phyllostachys edulis. This is an edible stem vegetable that people consume from the bamboo species’ tender and young shoots of plants. Another name for bamboo shoots is bamboo sprouts. The bamboo shoots can be purchased fresh, canned, or dried. This vegetable is popularly used in Asian dishes. Braised bamboo shoots are a delicacy. When purchasing bamboo shoots, you can find them in different varieties, such as fresh bamboo shoots, canned, and dried.

Before eating the bamboo shoots, you have to peel off the exterior first. This is because the exterior is woody and with a thick texture that makes it hard to chew. You can make of use bamboo shoots as an ingredient to make salads, soups, and curries. The bamboo shoots are commonly used in broths and Asian dishes.

Bamboo shoots have nutrients such as vitamin B6, vitamin E, fiber, and copper. Consuming bamboo shoots has potential health benefits for humans, such as performing anti-oxidant activities, reducing cholesterol levels, and assisting in the brain’s functioning.


The scientific name of beans is Phaseolus vulgaris. Beans are popular and commonly used as vegetables in almost all countries. The vegetable originated from America. It is popularly grown in brazil, India, the united states, and Myanmar. They belong to the Fabaceae family. It grows in pods and contains several beans in one pod. Beans are very popular around the world and have wide varieties. The varieties of beans are such as pinto beans, great northern beans, navy beans, and kidney beans. Beans are legumes, and legumes are found in the classification of vegetables with edible seeds in a pod. Other vegetables with edible seeds in a pod are peas, peanuts, and lentils. You can enjoy your beans sautéed, boiled, or steamed.

For the bean plants to nourish, you need to plant them at a soil temperature of about 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Intake of beans has health benefits for its consumers, like performing anti-oxidant activities and reducing the risk of having diabetes and heart disease.

Bean Sprouts

The scientific name of bean sprouts is Vigna radiata. Another name for bean sprouts is mung bean sprout. These are the young shoots that sprout in mung beans. They are popularly grown in east Asia. The vegetable grows perfectly if planted in the shade, and it should be adequately watered.

Bean sprouts are a rich source of potassium, minerals, and vitamin K. It is commonly used in stir-fries and Asian cooking. Intake of bean sprouts has potential health benefits for its users, such as maintaining the balance of blood pressure, assisting in muscle contraction, and performing anti-inflammatory activities.


The scientific name of beetroot is Beta vulgaris. Beetroot is a root vegetable. Other names for beetroots are beet, garden beet, table beet, dinner beet, golden beet, and red beet. If you find a fresh beetroot plant, you can also consume its leaves and stem. The most common color is usually dark purple, but it sometimes comes in golden yellow and stripped. There are many ways to enjoy beetroot and use it to bring natural color to your dishes. Beetroot can be eaten raw, boiled, or roasted. The sweetness of the root vegetable makes it an excellent choice for vegetable dessert.

It is a rich source of iron, manganese, vitamin C, fiber, folate, iron, and potassium. Consuming beetroots have potential health benefits for its users, such as performing chemotherapy activities, controlling the blood sugar levels, and reducing the risk of having diabetes. However, taking beetroot might cause some side effects such as urinal problems, low levels of calcium, and damaging the kidney.

Betanin is a red color compound in the beetroot that is not usually broken down in the human body. Therefore, a high concentration will make one’s stool and urine assume the color red.

Betel Leaf


The scientific name of betel leaf is Piper betle. Betel leaf is commonly grown in Thailand. The edible leaves have a pretty shape of a heart. It is used to make edible wrapping for salad bites like miang kham.

Betel leaf belongs to the Piperaceae family together with kava and pepper. The vegetable originated from the Philippines over 5000 years ago. Betel leaf eventually spread to Taiwan, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and south china. The vegetable has glossy leaves with the shape of a heart and a white catkin. The betel leaf is mainly used as a wrapper for chewing tobacco or areca nut. 

Black Turtle Beans

The scientific name of black turtle beans is Phaseolus vulgaris. They are also known as black beans, Kala ghevada, and karuppu kaaramani. This bean is small, has a smooth texture, and is covered with the color black. Its flavor is mild. Black turtle beans are commonly used in Brazilian and Mexican cuisine. You can enjoy your black turtle beans in taco, stew, and casserole recipes.

The black turtle bean gets its name from having a hard outer shell. It is dense with a meaty texture and is common in vegetarian dishes. The black turtle beans were widely grown first in America after the Mexican-American war of 1846 to 1848. The boiled water of black turtle beans is not discarded but kept for soup and seasoning other ingredients.

Black Eyed Peas

The scientific name of black-eyed peas is Cigna unguiculata. The vegetable is a subspecies of cowpea. Despite the name black-eyed peas, they are beans and not peas. The beans get the name black-eyed peas because of their beige color with a black spot on them. It is believed that when eaten on the new year’s day, it will bring you good luck. The black-eyed peas have a creamy texture with a slightly earthy taste. You can use black-eyed peas to make stews, casseroles, and soups. Black-eyed peas are a southern staple in many recipes.


the scientific name of broccoli is Brassice oleracea var italica. The name broccoli originated from the plural of broccoli in Italian. It means a cabbage’s flowering crest. The cruciferous or brassica belongs to the cabbage family. The broccoli has an appealing look of a large flowing head and leaves that are green. It is native to Italy. Broccoli is a popular vegetable for people who enjoy vegetarian foods. It looks like a cauliflower.

The broccoli vegetable is considered a superfood because it is a rich source of nutrients like magnesium, iron, potassium, calcium, selenium, vitamin A, C, K, E, and B. Its components from the stalk, tiny leaves, and large flowering heads are all edible. This high level of nutrients in broccoli makes it enough nutrients, and you won’twon’t need to take both vegetables and fruits. You can enjoy this vegetable in stews, soups, and side dishes.

Consuming broccoli has potential health benefits for humans, such as reducing cholesterol levels and regulating blood pressure, and performing anti-oxidative activities. The broccoli vegetable is only harvested by hand and cannot be harvested with the help of machines. Broccoli has a perceived bitter flavor of cruciferous vegetables. The common pest that mainly attacks broccoli is Pieris rapae. The pest is commonly called the small white butterfly.


The scientific name of broccolini is Brassica oleracea var. italic. Another name for broccolini is the tender stem and baby broccoli. Broccolini is called baby broccoli because it resembles broccoli except for its stalks and florets. Compared to broccoli, broccolini has smaller florets and longer stalks. Broccolini has a thin long edible stem with a sweet flavor. All parts of the broccolini vegetables, from the flowers, leaves, and young stems to the shoots, are edible. You can enjoy your broccolini grilled, roasted, or steamed. Broccolini is used as an ingredient to make stir-fries and soup.

Broccolini is very popular and eaten across the world. It is found in the cabbage family. The vegetable is a rich source of vitamin K and C.

Broccoli Rabe

The scientific name of broccoli rabe is Brassica ruvo. Other names for broccoli rabe are Rapa, spring raab, Ruvo kale, and rapini. It resembles broccolini but has more leaves, thin stems, and tiny florets that are sparse, unlike florets on standard broccoli. The dark green vegetable belongs to the turnip family. Broccoli rabe is popularly used in Italian cooking. The broccoli rabe vegetable has close relations to turnip. It has a flavor that is bitter in a delicious way. The broccoli rabe flavor is a combination of bitter, nutty, and spicy. All the parts of a green cruciferous broccoli rabe are edible from the stems, leaves, and buds.

To cook broccoli rabe, you can sauté them, roast, or braise. The flavor of a broccoli rabe is slightly bitter. Broccoli rabe is native to Europe and belongs to the mustard or Brassicaceae family. It contains calcium, potassium, iron, and vitamins K, C, and A. 

Broccoli Flower

The scientific name of the broccoli flower is Brassica ‘ oleracea’ Romanesco”. Broccoli flower resulted from crossing between cauliflower and broccoli. Other names for broccoli flowers are Romanesque cauliflower, broccoflower, green cauliflower, romanesco, roman cauliflower, and fractal broccoli. The broccoli flower is native to Italy but has grown to be a popular vegetable worldwide. It looks distinctive with its green or yellow color. Its florets grow in a geometric fractal. Its flavor is delicate and slightly nutty. The broccoli flower resembles a white cauliflower, but its curd has a lime green color.

This vegetable is a cruciferous or brassica vegetable. You can enjoy broccoflower raw or cook it by steaming, roasting, or boiling it like cauliflower. If you purchase broccoflower that still has leaves attached, wash it and cook it like kales. You can also use broccoflower as an ingredient to make cookies or vegetable salad.

The vegetable is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and bioactive compounds. The broccoflower resembles white cauliflower but has a green bulb.

Bok Choi

The scientific name of bok choi is Brassica rapa subsp. Chinensis. Other names for bok choi are pak choi, pok cho, Chinese cabbage, and bok choy. The Chinese first cultivated the vegetable around 5000 years ago, and it has currently spread to California. It is commonly grown in South Asia and China. Bok choi is a leafy green vegetable native to Asia. Its leaves are dark green. The vegetable is a variety of Chinese cabbage. Bok choi belongs to the cruciferous or brassica family. It resembles celery. The bok choi leaves grow in small clusters of white stems that are pale. You can use bok choi as an ingredient to make dumplings, spring rolls, and potstickers.

This vegetable is an excellent source of folate, calcium, beta carotene, vitamin C, K, and A. Bok choi tastes like spinach and water but is slightly sweeter and has a peppery taste. Bok Choi’s green leaves have more flavor compared to the white bulb.

Broad Beans

The scientific name of the broad bean is Vicia faba. They are also called fava beans and faba beans. Broad beans are legumes belonging to the pea and bean family. Its family of broad beans is called the Fabaceae family. Broad beans usually grow in the large pods that are thrown away after shelling. The pods are not thrown and are picked while very young.

The broad beans are commonly used in cuisines of southern European, east Asian, north African, Latin American, and northern European cuisines. You can enjoy broad beans raw or after cooking them. When cooking, you can remove the outer seed coat first.

Brussels Sprouts

The scientific name of Brussel sprouts is Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. This is a nutritious cruciferous vegetable. Brussels sprouts got their name from being very popular in Brussels. The vegetable is a variety of miniature cabbage. It resembles a tiny cabbage and has edible buds growing on tall stalks. Brussels sprout’s flavor, when cooked, is bitter and very sulfurous. However, the roasted leaves can make a delicious dish. The vegetable originated from a group of cabbages called the gemmifera. When cooking Brussels sprouts, it has a strong aroma close to garlic and onion.

Bell Pepper

The scientific name of bell pepper is Capsicum annuum Group. Other names for bell pepper are pepper, sweet pepper, and capsicum. This vegetable comes in various colors, such as orange, yellow, red, white, purple, and green. The most popular pepper is the red pepper, and it is also the healthiest of them all. Bell pepper is a source of many nutrients like folate, vitamins, iron, magnesium, and fiber.

Bell pepper is native to Mexico. Botanical bell pepper is a fruit in the berries category, but it is consumed and treated as a vegetable. Bell pepper is native to Central America, South America, and Mexico. It nourishes in warm and moist soil.

Burdock Root

The scientific name of burdock rock is Arctium lappa. Burdock root is found in the Asteraceae family. Burdock root is common in east Asia. Its stalk and taproot are extracted and consumed as a vegetable. Burdock root is native to Japan but has currently spread worldwide. The plant’s root is the part that is usually consumed as food.

Black Radish

The scientific name of black radish is Raphanus sativus var. sativus. Black radish belongs to the Brassicaceae family. It is a type of winter radish. Another name for black radish is erfurter radish and black Spanish radish. The skin of the black radish is black and challenging, while the inside is white. The vegetable can naturally defend against pests with the help of the many chemical compounds it has. Due to the multiple chemical compounds in the black radish, it has a sharp flavor.

You can store black radish for several months in a root cellar at room temperature or for a few weeks in the refrigerator. The black radish can be enjoyed raw or cooked in soups and stews.

Black Salsify


The scientific name of black salsify is Scorzonera Hispanics. Black salsify belongs to the Asteraceae family. Another name for black salsify is the black oyster, serpent root, viper’s herb, and Spanish salsify. The vegetable has many nutrients such as potassium, calcium, fats, iron, proteins, and vitamins. It has a mild sweetness that makes it suitable for people with diabetes.

Black salsify originated from southern Europe. It has a long cylindrical taproot and a cork layer that is black-brownish.

Belgian Endive

The scientific name of Belgian endive is Cichorium intybus var. foliosum. This vegetable is commonly used in salads. Belgian endive has a cylindrical head like that of lettuce with yellow leaves. The leaves are packed in a manner that makes them look like flower buds. This vegetable is used often to make salads.

Belgian endive is a leafy vegetable found in the Cichorium genus. It has a bitter flavor.

Bai Yor Leaf

The scientific name of bai yor leaf is Tiliacora triandra. Another name for bai yor leaf is Indian mulberry, voar yeav, and bai yanang. It is a flowering plant originally from southeast Asia. The leaves come from a plant that resembles a tobacco plant. Bai yor leaf is popular in Thailand and the Philippines. The vegetable is usually shredded and cooked in curry.

The bai yor leaf is a climbing plant with yellow flowers and deep green leaves. The bai you leaf is used as an ingredient to make soup, beverages, and vegetable desserts. Consuming bai for leaf has potential health benefits for its users, such as ailment of heart disease, liver disease, and even cancer.

Broadleaf Arrowhead

The scientific name of the broadleaf arrowhead is Saggittaria latifolia. This vegetable is an edible tuber that is very popular in America. Another name for broadleaf arrowhead is duck potato, katniss, wapato, and Indian potato. The roots are thin and white with spongy and solid leaves.

The broadleaf arrowhead’s seeds are often consumed rather than the tubers. They are usually buried too deep.

The Final Letter

The above list of vegetables that start with the letter B can be helpful to heal your curiosity and even sometimes in school projects. The list of vegetables beginning with the letter B is long, from bai yor leaf to bok choi to broccoli rabe. This list will give you knowledge of their scientific names, flavor, aroma, origin, where you can purchase them, and potential health benefits. 

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